Fracture strength of two oxide ceramic crown systems after cyclic pre-loading and thermocycling.

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Fracture strength of two oxide ceramic crown systems after cyclic pre-loading and thermocycling.

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Publication Article, peer reviewed scientific
Title Fracture strength of two oxide ceramic crown systems after cyclic pre-loading and thermocycling.
Author(s) Vult von Steyern, Per ; Ebbesson, S ; Holmgren, J ; Haag, Per ; Nilner, Krister
Date 2006
English abstract
The aim of the present study was to investigate the fracture resistance of zirconia crowns and to compare the results with crowns made of a material with known clinical performance (alumina) in away that reflects clinical aspects. Sixty crowns were made, 30 identical crowns of alumina and 30 of zirconia. Each group of 30 was randomly divided into three groups of 10 crowns that were to undergo different treatments: (i) water storage only, (ii) pre-loading (10 000 cycles, 30-300 N, 1 Hz), (iii) thermocycling (5-55 degrees , 5000 cycles) + pre-loading (10 000 cycles, 30-300 N, 1 Hz). Subsequently, all 60 crowns were subjected to load until fracture occurred. There were two types of fracture: total fracture and partial fracture. Fracture strengths (N) were: group 1, alumina 905/zirconia 975 (P = 0.38); group 2, alumina 904/zirconia 1108 (P < 0.007) and group 3, alumina 917/zirconia 910 (P > 0.05). Total fractures were more frequent in the alumina group (P < 0.01). Within the limitations of this in vitro study, it can be concluded that there is no difference in fracture strength between crowns made with zirconia cores compared with those made of alumina if they are subjected to load without any cyclic pre-load or thermocycling. There is, however, a significant difference (P = 0.01) in the fracture mode, suggesting that the zirconia core is stronger than the alumina core. Crowns made with zirconia cores have significantly higher fracture strengths after pre-loading.
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2842.2005.01604.x (link to publisher's fulltext)
Host/Issue Journal of oral rehabilitation;9
Volume 33
ISSN 0305-182X
Pages 682-9
Language eng (iso)
Subject(s) Medicine
Handle http://hdl.handle.net/2043/3520 (link to this page)

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