Early Activation Markers of Human Peripheral Dendritic Cells

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Early Activation Markers of Human Peripheral Dendritic Cells

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Publication Article, peer reviewed scientific
Title Early Activation Markers of Human Peripheral Dendritic Cells
Author(s) Hellman, Peter ; Eriksson, Håkan
Date 2007-01-17
English abstract
ABSTRACT Two major populations of dendritic cells (DCs), myeloid and plasmacytoid, can be isolated from human peripheral blood, and are distinguished by differential expression of the cell surface markers CD11c and CD123. These two populations of DCs also are different in their expression Toll-like receptor (TLR’s), receptors involved in their activation. To investigate the early events during activation of peripheral DCs, the cells were stimulated in vitro with ligands for TLR-4 (as in lipopolysaccharides) (LPS) or TLR-9 (CpG-containing oligonucleotide) (CpG). The earliest change in protein expression detected after stimulating peripheral DCs with LPS or CpG was increased production of the chemokine (IL)-8. Enhanced production of IL-8 occurred already within 2 hours of stimulation in both myeloid dendritic cells (M-DCs) and plasmacytoid dendritic cells (P-DCs), and preceded expression of the well established activation marker CD40. Although both populations of DCs secreted IL-8 upon activation, the levels of IL-8 produced was several times higher within the M-DCs compared to the P-DCs population. Before activation, both subsets of DCs expressed the IL-8 receptor type B (CD128b), but after stimulation the IL-8 receptor was down-regulated in both populations of DCs. Increased expression of MHC class II molecules is generally regarded as an early activation marker of DCs. However, only the P-DCs showed a significant up-regulation of MHC class II after stimulation. The M-DC population up-regulated MHC class II without any prior activation, thus care should be taken using increased expression of MHC class II molecules as an early activation marker of peripheral M-DCs after activation in vitro. In conclusion, we propose that during activation of human DCs the production of IL-8 and loss of CD128b are the earliest signs of activation preceding both MHC class II, CD40, CD80 and CD86 expression.
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.humimm.2007.01.018 (link to publisher's fulltext)
Publisher Elsevier Inc.
Host/Issue Human Immunology;5
Volume 68
Pages 324-333
Language eng (iso)
Subject(s) Myeloid Dendritic cells
Plasmacytoid Dendritic Cells
MHC expression
Research Subject Categories::MEDICINE
Research Subject Categories::NATURAL SCIENCES
Handle http://hdl.handle.net/2043/4108 (link to this page)

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