Högskolelärares personliga teorier om sin pedagogiska praktik

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Högskolelärares personliga teorier om sin pedagogiska praktik

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Publication Doctoral Thesis
Title Högskolelärares personliga teorier om sin pedagogiska praktik
Author(s) Schyberg, Solbritt
Date 2007
English abstract
In this study university teachers’ personal theories of their pedagogical practice in basic courses in undergraduate education are described and analyzed. According to for example Polanyi (1958) and Bourdieu (1990) university teachers have developed a personal practical theory as participators in an academic social context, first as students then as teachers. This can be seen as their “pedagogy” according to Durkheim (1956), a practical theory that guides their actions as teachers; a way of perceiving and thinking about teaching and learning. Different theoretical perspectives such as Engeströms (1999) “activity theory”, Dahllöfs (1999) “frame factor theory”, Luhmanns (1995) “social systems theory” and Biggs (2003) systems perspective on teaching and learning in higher education can be subsumed under a complex general systems theory that points to several possible components that relate to each other in a dynamic and self organizing way. Such autopoietic systems are characterized by both stability and change and are applicable on teachers’ thinking as well as their action and the educational system itself. Empirical data consist of semi-structured interviews with nine university lecturers at the University of Lund and ten lecturers at the University College of Växjö in southern Sweden representing academic disciplines such as history, economic history, law, economics, statistics, Scandinavian languages, comparative literature and political science. The personal theories generated from these data are what Argyris and Schön (1974) call “espoused theories”, which in this study are validated against observations from the teachers’ lectures and group interviews with the teachers’ students. The results show that a majority of the university teachers do not seem to pay much attention to their pedagogy which mostly seems to be tacit and natural to them. Only a few teachers problematise their pedagogical practice and find pedagogical competence development valuable. Common themes in all teachers’ personal theories deal with the importance of good content knowledge and personal commitment in the subject as well as the students as a ground for good teaching. They adhere to traditional academic values, at least in courses at higher levels than the basic courses. The teachers’ primary intentions for their students’ learning in basic courses are facts about different perspectives and theories in their subject, which they mean are useable in different professions. The teachers see their subject as complex and interesting to all people that facts in themselves evoke interests and feelings for it. They see themselves as experts in the subject and their teaching style is content-centered. Different themes in the teachers’ complex personal theories of their pedagogical practice are summarized metaphorically in terms of different teaching styles as the preacher, the presenter, the entertainer, the illuminator and the director. The preacher is common to all teachers and the four others are variants of this style. The role of the students is that of reproducing facts for the presenter and the entertainer, and that of reconstruction knowledge for the illuminator and the director. The results are in line with other studies, with the main difference being the lack of student-centered approach in this study.
Publisher Malmö Högskola, Lärarutbildningen
Series/Issue Malmö Studies in Educational Sciences;37
ISSN 1651-4513
ISBN 978-91-976537-9-4
Pages 218
Language swe (iso)
Subject(s) Higher education
pedagogical competence
personal knowledge
practical knowledge
student-centeredeness
systems theory
tacit knowledge
teaching and learning
undergraduate education
university teachers’ thinking
Humanities/Social Sciences
Research Subject Categories::SOCIAL SCIENCES::Social sciences::Education
Handle http://hdl.handle.net/2043/4457 (link to this page)
Buy print http://webshop.holmbergs.com...4457 (print-on-demand service)

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