Characterisation of ferromagnetic magnetic storage media surfaces by complementary Particle Induced X-ray Analysis and Time of Flight-Energy Dispersive Elastic Recoil Detection Analysis

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Characterisation of ferromagnetic magnetic storage media surfaces by complementary Particle Induced X-ray Analysis and Time of Flight-Energy Dispersive Elastic Recoil Detection Analysis

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Publication Article, peer reviewed scientific
Title Characterisation of ferromagnetic magnetic storage media surfaces by complementary Particle Induced X-ray Analysis and Time of Flight-Energy Dispersive Elastic Recoil Detection Analysis
Author(s) Zhang, Y ; Elfman, M ; Winzell, T ; Whitlow, Harry J
Date 1999
English abstract
Thin (10 nm-1 m) films of ferromagnetic material constitute an important class of materials that are difficult to analyse by conventional ion beam analytical (IBA) techniques because they are based on the ferromagnetic elements (Co, Fe, Mn, Ni, and Cr). The similar or overlapping isotope masses makes it difficult to separate the elemental signals using time of flight and energy dispersive elastic recoil detection (ToF-E ERD). In this exploratory study we have investigated the use of Particle Induced X-ray Emission (PIXE) measurements to refine the mass dispersive depth profile information from ToF-E ERD. The surfaces of two commercial magnetic media were investigated. One sample was a double density diskette with a coating of ferrite particles in an organic binder. The other sample was a complex C/Co/Cr/Ni-P/Al multilayer structure taken from a standard hard disc. The Lund nuclear microprobe with a 2.55 MeV proton beam was used for PIXE analysis. ToF-ERD measurements were carried out using a 55 MeV 127I10+ ion beam incident at 67.5° to the surface normal. The time of flight and kinetic energy of recoils ejected at 45° to the ion beam direction was measured in a detector telescope. The findings demonstrate that by detailed analysis of the PIXE spectra it is possible to remove the ambiguities in mass assignment of the ToF-ERD data associated with the ferromagnetic elements.
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0168-583X(98)01084-2 (link to publisher's fulltext)
Host/Issue Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms;1-4
Volume 150
ISSN 0168-583X
Pages 548-553
Language eng (iso)
Subject(s) Particle induced X-ray emission
Time of flight elastic recoil detection
Co/Cr/Ni-P/Al structures
Fe3O4
Ferrite
Ferromagnetic thin films
Handle http://hdl.handle.net/2043/581 (link to this page)
Link http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0168-583X(98)01084-2 (external link to related web page)

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