The Role of the United Nations in Preventing Violent Ethnic Conflicts

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The Role of the United Nations in Preventing Violent Ethnic Conflicts

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Publication Bachelor thesis
Title The Role of the United Nations in Preventing Violent Ethnic Conflicts
Author(s) Gustafsson, Jenny
Date 2007
English abstract
The aim of the following study was to create a limited framework, based on normative and constructive reflections, of how the UN can work to prevent violent ethnic conflicts. The study was divided into two phases. The first phase originated from Joseph S. Nye’s analytical framework and gave an overview of the theories available on the causes of ethnic conflicts. From these theories three major problems were drawn; poverty, structural inequalities and society in transition. The second phase of the study had a normative and constructive approach, using two overlapping circles of theories. The normative chapter discussed how conflict prevention ought to be in the best of worlds and which moral position the UN should have. The constructive chapter discussed which means and limitations the UN faces considering conflict prevention and how the UN can work to address the major problems outlined in the first phase. The conclusion drawn from the analysis was that the UN has the knowledge, experience and operational capacity to address these issues, but that several problems concerning the UN system and the member states of the UN makes it difficult for the organization to effectively use the potential it has to prevent violent ethnic conflicts.
Publisher Malmö högskola/IMER
Language eng (iso)
Subject(s) conflict prevention
ethnic conflicts
The United Nations
structural causes
Handle http://hdl.handle.net/2043/6334 (link to this page)

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