Pain related temporomandibular disorders in adult Saudi arabians referred for specialized dental treatment.

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Pain related temporomandibular disorders in adult Saudi arabians referred for specialized dental treatment.

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Publication Article, other
Title Pain related temporomandibular disorders in adult Saudi arabians referred for specialized dental treatment.
Author(s) Al-Harthy, Mohammad ; Ekberg, EwaCarin ; Nilner, Maria
Date 2007
English abstract
The aim of the present study was to examine the frequencies of pain-related symptoms of TMD in patients in the age of 20-40 years referred for specialized dental treatments in Makkah, Saudi Arabia by using Research Diagnostic Criteria for TMD (RDC/TMD). Three hundred and twenty-five consecutive Saudi patients in the age of 20-40 years: 135 males and 190 females were interviewed according to the RDC/TMD history questionnaire. The results revealed that pain related TMD and orofacial pain were found among 58 (18%) patients. All other patients formed the non-pain group (267,82%). In the pain group, there were 79% females compared to 21% males (P<0.01). Both genders in the pain group reported high frequencies of both migraines in the last six months and headache moderately to extremely in the last month showing significant difference in comparison with the non-pain group (P<0.01). Symptoms of TMD were significantly more prevalent in the pain group than in the non-pain group. The most common pain related TMD symptoms were TMJ clicking, TMJ crepitation, TMJ locking, stiff jaw, tinnitus, bruxism and uncomfortable bite. Regarding Graded Chronic Pain severity in the pain group, most patients reported their pain to be grade I and II. Jaw disability checklist according to RDC/TMD showed that four or more disturbed jaw activities were found in 31 patients (53%) while 13 patients (22%) had not affected mandibular functions. In conclusion, the findings of the present study showed high frequencies of pain related TMD in this Saudi arabian patient population.
Host/Issue Pain related temporomandibular disorders in adult Saudi arabians reffered for specialized dental treatment.
Language eng (iso)
Subject(s) TMD
Medicine
Research Subject Categories::ODONTOLOGY::Physiology
Handle http://hdl.handle.net/2043/6567 (link to this page)

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