Oral B's Nordic Report on Oral Health : Caries prevalence among children, adolescents and adults, and periodontal conditions among adults in Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden

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Oral B's Nordic Report on Oral Health : Caries prevalence among children, adolescents and adults, and periodontal conditions among adults in Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden

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Publication Report
Title Oral B's Nordic Report on Oral Health : Caries prevalence among children, adolescents and adults, and periodontal conditions among adults in Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden
Author(s) Johansson, Veronica ; Söderfeldt, Björn ; Axtelius, Björn
Date 2008
English abstract
The aim of this report was to compare the oral health in the Nordic countries of Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden, from existing national clinical data. The conditions of interest were caries prevalence and periodontal conditions. The groups of interest were children and adolescents up to the age of 19, and adults up to 60 years old. Further, socio-economic and ethnic differences, as well as differences in relation to living area were also of interest. There are indications of similar trends in caries prevalence among children and adolescents in the Nordic countries, with a continuing decrease in caries prevalence during the past 20-30 years, and tendencies of a levelling out at the turn of the century. The WHO goal of a mean DMFT for 12-year-olds at 1.5 or below before the year 2020 (Petersen 2003), is already fulfilled in all four countries. However, it seems there is still work to do to attain the goal of at least 80% caries free 6-year-olds in 2020. The available data do not distinguish differences between urban and rural areas, nor ethnic and socio-economic differences. The most important finding regarding both caries prevalence and periodontal conditions in adults is that there is a lack of national data from Norway and Sweden. Although interpretations should be cautious, there are indications of slightly higher caries prevalence in Finland, compared to Denmark, among adult men. Data on educational level indicate similar patterns of associations between higher levels of education and lower figures of caries prevalence. There is a lack of data on ethnic differences in caries prevalence in adults. There is also a lack of data regarding differences between urban and rural living areas, which only were available for Denmark. The results regarding periodontal conditions indicate that bleeding is widespread in both Denmark and Finland, while both shallow and deep pockets seem to be more common in Finland. Data on educational level indicate similar patterns of associations between higher levels of education and lower prevalence of shallow and deep pockets. There is a lack of data on ethnic differences in periodontal conditions in adults. There is also a lack of data regarding differences between urban and rural living areas, which only were available for Denmark. From the available data, no interpretations regarding aggressive periodontitis, i.e. rapid deterioration of bone loss and periodontal ligaments, nor probability of developing it, can be made. A recommendation for the future is to conduct more national clinical assessments of oral health in adults. National clinical research is needed in order to estimate what actions need to be taken to improve oral health. Without national assessments, political reforms cannot be evaluated and conclusions regarding their effectiveness cannot be drawn.
Pages 31
Language eng (iso)
Subject(s) Epidemiology
Medicine
Research Subject Categories::ODONTOLOGY::Cariology
Research Subject Categories::ODONTOLOGY::Periodontology
Note This report was financed by Oral B.
Handle http://hdl.handle.net/2043/6715 (link to this page)

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