Outcome of an oral health outreach programme for preschool children in a low socioeconomic multicultural area

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Outcome of an oral health outreach programme for preschool children in a low socioeconomic multicultural area

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Publication Article, peer reviewed scientific
Title Outcome of an oral health outreach programme for preschool children in a low socioeconomic multicultural area
Author(s) Wennhall, Inger ; Matsson, Lars ; Schröder, Ulla ; Twetman, Svante
Date 2008
English abstract
BACKGROUND: Despite a significant reduction in the prevalence of dental caries, childhood tooth decay is still a public health problem in both developed and developing countries. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the caries preventive effect of an oral health programme for preschool children living in a low socioeconomic multicultural area in the city of Malmö, Sweden. METHODS: Eight hundred and four 2-year-old children were enrolled and recalled every third month between ages 2 and 3 and semi-annually between ages 3 and 5 years. From an outreach facility, parents were instructed on oral health with a focus on toothbrushing and diet, and provided fluoride tablets free of charge. Participants completed a clinical examination and a structured interview at age of 5 years, at which point 651 children (81%) remained in the programme. The results of the intervention group were compared with a non-intervention reference group consisting of 201 5-year-old children from the same district. RESULTS: In the intervention group, 96% attended four or more of their scheduled appointments, and mean caries prevalence was significantly lower than in the reference group (5.4 deft vs. 6.9 deft; P < 0.001). The prevented defs fraction was 27%. Parents' daily assistance with toothbrushing and administering fluoride tablets was significantly better in the intervention group than in the reference group (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: This study demonstrated that the early start of oral health programme had a significant beneficial effect on caries prevalence after 3 years.
DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-263X.2007.00903.x (link to publisher's fulltext)
Host/Issue International journal of paediatric dentistry;2
Volume 18
ISSN 0960-7439
Pages 84-90
Language eng (iso)
Subject(s) Medicine
Research Subject Categories::ODONTOLOGY
Handle http://hdl.handle.net/2043/6764 (link to this page)

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