State of the art of oral implants

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State of the art of oral implants

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Publication Article, review
Title State of the art of oral implants
Author(s) Albrektsson, Tomas ; Sennerby, Lars ; Wennerberg, Ann
Date 2008
English abstract
Objectives: The aim of this prospective study was to evaluate the Nobel Direct® and Nobel Perfect® one-piece implants (OPIs) when used for immediate function. Material and methods: Forty-eight patients were provided with 115 OPIs for loading with a provisional crown or a bridge within 24 h and followed for at least 12 months with clinical and radiographic examinations. A group of 97 patients previously treated under identical conditions by the same team with 380 two-piece implants (TPIs) for immediate loading in the mandible and maxilla served as the reference group. Results: Six (5.2%) OPIs failed during the follow-up due to extensive bone loss. Five (1.3%) implants failed in the reference group. After 1 year, the mean marginal bone loss was 2.1 mm (SD 1.3) for OPIs and 0.8 mm (SD 1) for TPIs. 20% of OPIs showed more than 3 mm of bone loss compared with 0.6% for TPIs. When compensating for vertical placement depth, OPIs still showed a lower marginal bone level and thus more exposed threads than TPIs. Depending on the criteria used, the success rate for OPIs was 46.1% or 72.2% compared with 85% or 91.6% for TPIs. Conclusions: The Nobel Direct® and Nobel Perfect® OPIs show lower success rates and more bone resorption than TPIs after 1 year in function. Factors such as implant design, insertion depth, rough surface towards the mucosa, in situ preparation and immediate loading may have an influence on the clinical outcome.
DOI (link to publisher's fulltext)
Host/Issue Periodontology 2000;1
Volume 47
ISSN 1600-0757
Pages 15-26
Language eng (iso)
Subject(s) Medicine
Research Subject Categories::ODONTOLOGY
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