Craniofacial morphology in prematurely born children

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Craniofacial morphology in prematurely born children

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Publication Article, peer reviewed scientific
Title Craniofacial morphology in prematurely born children
Author(s) Paulsson, Liselotte ; Bondemark, Lars
Date 2009
English abstract
OBJECTIVE: To test the null hypothesis that there is no difference between the craniofacial morphology of prematurely born children and that of matched full-term born controls. MATERIALS AND METHODS: White children 8 to 10 years of age, born at the University Hospitals of Lund and Malmö and living in the same part of Sweden, were included. One group consisted of 36 very preterm children, born during gestational weeks 29 to 32; the other group included 36 extremely preterm children, who were born before the 29th gestational week. Subjects were compared with a control group of 31 full-term children, who were matched for gender, age, nationality, and living area. One lateral head radiograph was taken for each child, and the cephalometric analysis included 15 angular and 11 linear variables. Also, the height, weight, and head circumference of each child were registered. RESULTS: A significantly shorter anterior cranial base and a less convex skeletal profile were found among extremely preterm children, and significantly shorter maxillary length was noted in both extremely preterm and very preterm groups as compared with full-term children. The lower incisors were significantly more retroclined and retruded in the extremely preterm group compared with the very preterm group and the full-term control group. Extremely preterm children were significantly shorter, and both extremely preterm and very preterm children had significantly lower weight and smaller head circumference compared with full-term children. CONCLUSION: The null hypothesis was rejected because several craniofacial parameters differed significantly between preterm and full-term born control children.
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Host/Issue Angle Orthodontist;2
Volume 79
ISSN 0003-3219
Pages 276-83
Language eng (iso)
Subject(s) Medicine
Research Subject Categories::ODONTOLOGY
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